Featured method of the first year:

CVD Gas and Precursor Delivery for 2D thin film deposition

Featured equipment of the first year:

Woollam RC2 spectroscopic ellipsometer

Featured success of the first year:

Highest resolution display with

pixels approaching 50 nm

Research Themes

Research Groups





Research Scope

"I think everyone is frustrated at having had the technology demonstrated in a lab so long ago and not being able to manufacture it."

Prof. Harish Bhaskaran, WAFT Principal Investigator said when interviewed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

Overall Aim

To accelerate the development of wearable and flexible technologies by integrating device components using advanced functional materials along with scalable, cost-effective and reliable manufacturing techniques.



Flexible and Functional Components:

* Flexible Displays

* Sensors

* Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting

* Organic Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting


Design for Manufacturing

Scale-up via Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing

Consortium Partners:


1. To develop scalable roll-to-roll technologies suitable for cost-effective deposition of functional phase-change, photovoltaic, organic sensor and thermoelectric materials.

2. To minimize waste in the deposition of thin-films in case of expensive or environmentally sensitive elements used in functional materials.

3. To develop new approaches for effective in-situ monitoring of key film parameters, in particular film thickness, to guarantee designed-for functional material properties at the manufacturing stage.

Featured method of the second year:

Modelling to optimise devices

Featured equipment of the second year:

Probe station to measure both electrical and optical characteristics of devices

Featured success of the second year:

Interdigitated electrode gas sensor


May 2015 -  April 2020

Funded by:

Research Groups

Research Scope